What kind of care for roses is needed after winter? EverythingSecrets of the proper care of rose bushes after winterfrost

Вт, 14 июн 2016 Автор: Юлия Кривенко

Not every gardener boasts a beautiful flower garden,
which first place is occupied by the beauties of the rose.

Everything дело в том, что розовые кусты нуждаются в постоянном
proper care.

Special care must be taken in the spring when plants
wake up from the winter cold.

What should be the care of roses after winter?

The first thing to be a gardener – is to remove the shelter.


The exact timing of the shelter is difficult to determine. Everything зависит
from the local climate in which plants are grown, from
location of the site and its illumination. But general recommendations
yet there are.

1. Everything работы нужно успеть провести до пробуждения куста и
swelling of the kidneys.

2. If for the shelter of roses was used not allowing light and moisture
the material, as soon as it starts to snow, you need to slightly open
canvas. This will allow to ventilate the space, keeping the bushes from
vypevaniya It is necessary to remove such shelter gradually. Better this
do in the evening or in cloudy weather.

3. It is possible to completely remove the covering material only when
constant temperature will be established, and night frosts will pass.

4. If for a shelter used high-quality breathable
material, then for the bushes can not worry. Under safe cover to them
frosts and damping are not terrible. Such bushes will please the early
abundant flowering. Remove the covering material needed after the threat
night frosts.

Delay the removal of shelter is impossible. As soon as it gets warmer and
a favorable temperature will be established, you must immediately go into the garden. Roses
painlessly tolerate lowering the temperature to -5 degrees. With
lower temperatures bushes need to cover for the night.


The second stage of care for roses after winter is pruning. For
Each type of roses has its own rules for pruning. They depend not only
on the degree of damage to the bush, but also on its features.


For начала вырезают все подмерзшие и поврежденные ветки.
Further formation of the bush occurs depending on its
age Young plants are left with three main stems,
pruning them at the level of the fourth bud of the earth. And for more adults
sprawling bushes are allowed up to 8 stems. Trimming is carried out on
level of the sixth kidney. This procedure allows you to evenly
develop young shoots.


Owners of shrub roses repeatedly blooming
take into account the characteristics of the variety. In early spring you need to cut all
old branches, leaving only young shoots on the plant, which
shortened by 1/3 of the length.

Once flowering shrub roses do not need pruning.
Conduct only a light thinning of the bush after flowering.


After inspecting the bushes after winter, only dry stalks are cut out.
The remaining branches are pruned on the same level, leaving from 3 to 5
the kidneys. This procedure forms the correct bush beautiful


Trimming climbing roses of multiple blooms is different from all
other types of roses. If the main stems of the plant are not affected
time of winter, they are not cut off. Side shoots are shortened, leaving
на них только несколько the kidneys.

Once blooming species of climbing roses are thinned, cut
broken and weak shoots. After flowering, if necessary
remove old branches. Young shoots are not pruned. Need to remember
that this kind of roses blooms on the shoots of last year. Circumcised young
escape, gardener risks not seeing his own flowering next year


After inspecting the bush and identifying shoots that need pruning,
proceed to the formation of the plant. Pruning is necessary to sharp
pruning shears. The cut should be angled above the kidney. Herself
почка не должна смотреть внутрь bush.

A bad pruning tool damages plant tissue. Bush
becomes less disease resistant which can lead to

Ухаживать за розами после зимних frost и формировать кусты
need only in dry sunny weather. After the procedure
Cuts on a plant are processed by garden pitch. Bush поливают
solution of copper sulphate or foundation.


Without complex dressings to grow a healthy rose bush is not
work out. Particular attention should be paid to spring fertilizers.
With правильном использовании удобрений можно ожидать более пышное и
long flowering.

With подборе питательных смесей нужно помнить, что разы нуждаются
not only in mineral, but also in organic fertilizers. From early
spring and mid-summer to ensure that the bush nitrogen-containing
fertilizers. Making a small dose of such dressings helps roses
build enough green mass for further nutrition. One
Of these fertilizers is azofoska. Ready granules
laid out around the bush and shallowly embedded in the soil.

How to feed roses after winter depends on возраста bush.
Young plants after the first wintering need organic
fertilizers. For этих целей применяют раствор птичьего помета или
mullein, which is infused and diluted with water directly
before watering.

Adult roses are better to feed ammonium nitrate.
Withготовленным раствором поливают кустарник по влажной почве или
lay out dry granules in the stalk zone. Fertilize
нужно после обрезки bush.

If spring is too rainy, then it is better to feed the roses.
sprinkling method. With слишком переувлажненной почве растения
cease to draw nutrients out of it. For внекорневых
fertilizing is better to apply the solution of mullein. This will save the shrub
from many diseases and will give it a beautiful look.

Methods of dealing with diseases and pests on roses

After winter, weakened plants are prone to disease and
pests. For того чтобы предотвратить заражение нужно
be sure to remove all the garbage under the bushes, loosen the ground and
process with antiseptic. It is possible to apply a solution for these purposes.
potassium permanganate.

How to care for roses? After the winter you need to conduct an inspection
the base of the bush, it is there that pests or diseases can be noticed.
Processing and spraying should be carried out only after trimming.
bush when the plant starts to grow.

1. Ранней весной розы поражаются серой гнилью.
With повышенной влажности воздуха у основания куста можно заметить
fluffy gray patina. Damaged bushes become brown and
perish. With обнаружении болезни все поврежденные побеги нужно
cut, slightly hitting living tissue. After this procedure, the whole
Bush should be sprinkled with ashes.

2. Most often the plant is damaged
морозобоинами. With слишком сырой погоде влага
попадет под кору растения, а под воздействием ночных frost
cracks are formed. If the branches are not too affected, they can not
cut off. The presence of deep cracks and wounds brown
indicates the possibility of infection of the plant diseases.
Damaged shoots need to be removed. Freeze damage more often
just occurs when early disclosure of the shrub.

3. With слишком позднем раскрытии розы страдают от
прелости коры. The escape becomes marsh color,
circulation in the tissues is disturbed and the branch dies off. Damaged
shoots removed.

Timely inspection of the bush helps to suspect that something was wrong with
the very beginning and carry out the processing. For профилактики болезней и
pests apply spring treatment with blue vitriol, solution
household soap or fitoverm.

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