Proper planting radish in the open field.Soil preparation, timing and methods of sowing, care technologyplants

Пн, 20 ноя 2017 Автор: Евгений
Grammatikati

Growing radish on the garden – one
effective ways to get early vitamins for many
gardeners. With a small investment of time and labor, it’s easy.
Quickly get tasty root vegetables in early spring.

Cultivation of marketable radishes will not be difficult for a beginner.
gardener, but there are a few things that are not
will be able to grow normal roots.

For this culture, the timing of sowing seeds, care during
vegetation and control of major pests.

Radish is one of the earliest root crops in our gardens, in
Its composition contains many deficient vitamins in the spring
period, for this reason, almost all gardeners emit for him at least
some free space.

When to sow radishes

It is necessary to take into account that planting radish to a permanent place
produced at the time (with early sowing), when the first seedlings
can break through at an ambient temperature of about 2
degrees, and for their proper development requires a steady
temperature not more than 15 degrees Celsius.

If it is warmer outside, then with a lack of sunlight
radish spring can go to the growth of tops, and roots will grow
small and ligneous.

For this reason, seed must be planted on time.

After the soil on the bed warms up, and will
maintain a constant temperature; sow seeds. Without
shelters the first crops begin in April in the southern regions and at
early spring, you can start work in March. In this case, water
will have less, because the ground is still dry after melting snow.
If you are not sure that the weather will not hurt the crops, it’s best
cover the beds with protective material (you can use agrofibre
or black film). With early sowing, the first roots will be able to
collect in May.

Pre-sowing soil preparation is an important step in obtaining
decent crop is a crop. Beds where you want to sow
Radish seeds should be well lit by the sun. Soil should be
neutral or slightly acidic, friable and fairly moist. If a
soil acidity is above average, then before sowing in
he must add chalk or lime.

Sowing seeds

Sow radishes conveniently where you are going to plant seedlings
tomatoes, after the harvest of radishes is harvested, you can on those
the same beds plant bushes of tomatoes. On sites with very heavy
soil, beds need to be deeply dug up, having scattered before it on
surface good humus.

Plants are planted in rows or nesting way, with
space between the rows of 10 cm, sowing seeds in a row in 3-5 cm
(the distance in the row depends on the size of the future root crop). Through
every meter of the beds make a pass, for the convenience of radish care.
When sowing in the cluster way, from all sides of the plants are left
space not less than 5 cm.

Seeds are sown in pre-poured hot water wells or grooves,
after which they are filled with moist soil and lightly pressed so
the way that the pole turned out no deeper than 1.5 cm. Trample down the soil
it is necessary that the primer adhere as closely as possible to the seeds, which is noticeable
shortens the time needed for seedlings to appear. Sometimes seeds
pre-paste with paste on narrow paper strips (from
newsprint or toilet paper), which will facilitate and speed up the landing
radish.

For sowing small seeds, they are sometimes mixed with fine sand,
so you do not put too many seeds in the groove. But better
plant each seed separately – so you don’t have to
thin out crops and disturb weak roots that are only
develop.

For the earliest root crops, podzimny is used
посадка radish. Seeds are sown directly into dry grooves, then
fall asleep, press down with a plank and from above mulch the riding
peat, good compost or even dry soil, to the garden from above
pour snow falling. So the seeds at rest will wait
the winter period (at the same time they will be able to harden), in the spring, when
the ground will thaw out, the early shoots that can get drunk
life-giving spring melt water.

Features care for radishes

For this crop, it is important to ensure constant soil moisture on
a bed, but too much moisture will not lead to good, for this reason
It is necessary to water the plants only when drying the soil, on
sufficient depth and necessarily in moderation, only to moisten
root layer.

This vegetable has a small distance from the roots
bush, it is important that moisture gets to the depth of the main
root, some varieties of radish root system can go deep
up to 30 cm. When purchasing seeds, carefully study the description
varieties.

After planting radishes, the beds must be watered with warm water,
through a watering can with a sprinkler.

Warm water is very useful in the evening – so you keep warm in
seed location. Почву под подросшими plants
Moisturize every 2-3 days, during heat and strong wind water
have more often, as the surface of the beds will dry quickly.

Radish has a short growing season, and during this period it should not
be deprived of nutrients. On a poor plot, plants
can be fertilized simultaneously with irrigation. In irrigation
water is mixed with the infusion of bird droppings, slurry or
mineral fertilizers. But do not forget that the excess fertilizer (this is
mainly refers to nitrogen compounds), will lead to the fact that radishes
will increase the green mass or throw out the arrow, as a result
the root crop will cease to grow.

Consider also the fact that radishes tend to accumulate nitrates, for this
the reason it is desirable to use mineral compounds as seldom as possible,
It is better to feed an infusion of green mass of weed
plant or wood ash.

These dressings will serve simultaneously as a preventive
remedy for pests and fungal diseases. Ash will help scare
some types of aphids, snails and slugs.

To protect the plants from cruciferous flea, they are covered
plastic wrap during the revival of the pest. Of course have
special chemicals intended for destruction
Insects, but early root better process natural
means.

Timely detection and correct struggle will allow
stop the development of cruciferous flea. For this you can not
prevent the growth of weeds in the area, remove residues from cultivated
plants, often loosen the soil to break the crust that appears
after watering. To facilitate the work of caring for radish, will help
use on mulch beds, suitable for this – rotted
compost, high peat, or you can use finely chopped
grass it will allow less likely to loosen the soil, restrain germination
weeds, will reduce the required amount of watering, thanks to the fact
what moisture will be, evaporate longer.

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