Planting strawberries in autumn: when, where and howplant strawberries. Features of the autumn planting and transplantingstrawberry bushes

Ср, 26 окт 2016 Автор: Евгений
Grammatikati

Strawberries differ from strawberries not only in size and flavor,
but also agricultural technology.

For a decent harvest of strawberries in the first place
you need to prepare a good seedlings, and the most powerful outlets
are formed on the mustache in early spring and at the end of summer, during the period when
air temperature is low and there is enough moisture in the soil.

When is it best to plant strawberries in spring
period or fall?

In most cases, it is better to plant young strawberries in
August At this time, gardeners have a lot of free time, well
new seedlings have grown up and the weather is good for rooting
and plant growth.

Therefore, in the middle lane is better to plant strawberries from July 25 to
September 5th In the south, planting strawberries in the fall may continue to
mid october.

Soil for planting strawberries in autumn

This culture is not very demanding on soil fertility, not
can bear fruit only on swampy areas. But strawberries
There are some features that for beginner gardeners
create problems. Suddenly she is attacked by pests, bushes
bad fruit or unknown why the berries began to dry. But
experienced gardeners know some of the subtleties of plant care,
which will allow you to consistently grow good yields without special
hassle.

One of the remedies for trouble is planting strawberries in the fall.
This period has several positive
moments:

1. You can grow a good crop at low cost.
labor;

2. Launched beds of strawberries and old plantings can be successfully
update in a short time.

3. Plants that are frozen out in the winter can be easily and quickly
repair in spring;

4. Strawberry – loves moisture, important for this culture
regular watering. When autumn planting new plants can
reduce irrigation time by 2-3 months;

5. When preparing the soil for new bushes, there is an opportunity
additionally make humus and peat, before spring they will have time in part
go to easily digestible mineral form.

To improve the soil in the beds with strawberries, it is useful to sow on
sideral cultures (lupine or mustard). This will significantly reduce
the number of pests and weeds, enrich it with nitrogen and
improve soil structure. Adding to every 1 m2, peat or old
humus can significantly improve soil aeration.

The timing of planting strawberries

Young strawberries are planted in early autumn (from August 15
on September 20), in the middle of autumn (from September 25 to October 10) and
planting plants in late autumn, ending a month before the first
frosts. In different regions of the country, these terms are very different.
To navigate in this matter is necessary according to what period
strawberry forms a mustache. Harvest better in early autumn strawberries and
average autumn planting, late planted plants can be very
damaged by frost.

There are remontant varieties of strawberries, fruiting twice in
a year, but in the autumn planting of strawberries the second crop is left
can not. Between the end of August and the end of September the best period begins.
for planting strawberries. In this case, the new landing is good
rooted before the first frost, and form high-quality fruit
the kidneys.

Planting material

Gardeners often remove excess plants in strawberry beds, in
This period and need to buy seedlings, so it’s easier to notice signs
diseases on plants. Excellent seedlings can be obtained even with
old or neglected landings.

It will be great if the landing site is divided into 4 parts and
one of them to plant sidereal cultures, and in the fall on this site
plant strawberries. Yield at one of the sites is noticeable
increase, and the other three “rejuvenate.”

You can get planting material from strawberries growing on
plot, this requires:

• For seedlings, choose plants with good
fructifying and without signs of disease, dig up the waste from them
3 first whiskers;

• After the roots appear on the sockets, you need to
to base their point of growth;

• Since strawberries have the most fruitful first sockets,
formed on the mustache, you get productive and healthy seedlings
if rooting outlets on a second-order mustache, then they
additionally be able to eat from the mother plant and grow
much faster.

There are few whiskers on well-bearing plants, but this is not
It means that to get seedlings you need to root everything
sockets. Follow the rule “Better less, yes better,” and you can
provide berries to your family.

Separate fully formed plants from maternal
bush, they are cut immediately before transplanting seedlings to
permanent place. Landing should be done in the evening or in
cloudy day in a pre-poured soil. Planted plants
not filling the root collar of bushes with soil, after which the young
plants need to be watered again abundantly. Planted seedlings
it is necessary in the hot season to cover them from the rays of the sun, water
if necessary and regularly loosen the soil around them. If you
want to ensure that a bush grows in each well
strawberries, the seedlings are planted in pairs.

Landing process

There are several technologies:

• Annual or perennial culture;

• Broadband and narrowband fit;

• Growing on trellis;

• Planting in separate bushes (in one line, in two or three
row).

Most often, strawberries are grown in a two-line bush method.
beds 1.2-1.4 m wide, with paths in between. This technology
popular due to the fact that with such cultivation is easier to save
strawberries from fungal diseases and no thickening occurs
seedlings. So you can compact the beds with plants, for example,
garlic that protects the bushes from slugs.

Best of all, this culture grows in a multi-line way on narrow
beds in the range of 0.9-1.1 m. Between individual plants in
the row should be a distance of 40-50 cm, in general, the density of landing
determined based on the selected variety.

Planting care

Even without planting siderats, it is possible when planting strawberries in autumn
get a decent harvest. Feed plants need to start
in the spring. On 1 m2 of strawberry beds need 8 kg of humus, 90 g
phosphate fertilizers and 50 g of potassium salt. In addition, it is desirable
the site where the berry will grow to choose after the early vegetables, except
cucumber beds, areas after cabbage, pepper and potatoes, after
pests remain in the soil

Watering

Strawberries grow well only in wet soil, for this
причине ей необходим regular watering. Another positive
the quality of planting strawberries in the fall is that water the plants
need 2-3 months less.

Attention! Strawberries grow well when
regular watering, but the soil can not be poured much, as this
can cause rot and fungal
diseases.

Protect planting from excessive watering by using
regular loosening and mulching, further reduce this
littering the plot with strawberries. Good quality mulch
use materials such as peat, sloped siderata, straw,
dry needles, which will save heat in winter. After the appearance
fruits, mulch materials will help keep strawberries clean and
healthy.

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