Planting carnations Shabo seedlings: howorganize a mini-greenhouse. Caring for Shabo cloves in the openground

Вт, 03 апр 2018 Автор: Константин Ширманов

Carnation Shabo – perennial plant with large flowers
various coloring. In cold climates, carnation is cultivated,
as an annual plant. Terry flowers of Shabo varietal carnation
used to make bouquets, they keep fresh well
after cutting and have a strong aroma of the same name spice. Hybrids
F1 groups are used for gardening flower beds and flower beds, as well as for
compilation of various landscape compositions.

Ways to grow seedlings of Shabo

Grown carnation Shabo, mainly, seedling method.
Seeds are sown in cassettes or other containers for seedlings. Wherein
they are buried in the soil by 2 mm. Sowing of seeds is carried out in January. If a
sow carnation in march-april, plants bloom much
later.

To ensure high germination of seeds, they are germinated in
mini-greenhouse on a multi-layered tissue paper and then planted
in the ground. This method is used to ensure sterility.
seedlings in the initial stage of growth.

Sowing the seeds of carnations Shabo in cassettes

Carnation Shabo in cassettes

The first method of growing seedlings – sowing seeds in cassettes with
ground. Wherein для их проращивания подбирают плодородную почву с
neutral acidity.

Although when planting carnations Shabo in open ground better
use sandy or sandy soil during the growing phase
seedlings prepare soil mixture, consisting of:

– from 50% of the land from under the acacia or any other soil with
neutral acidity;

– 15% vermiculite or perlite;

– 15% calcined river sand;

– 20% of rotted cow dung.

Before sowing chabot cloves, the soil is slightly moistened. In each
cell cassettes should be no more than four seeds. They are sealed
to a depth of 2 mm or laid out on the surface of the soil. Seeds at
sowing must be dry.

The cassette is covered with plastic wrap until the “eyelets” appear.
and then put in a well-lit place.

Mini greenhouse

When germinated seeds in hydroponics, their germination is
80% -100%. From a plastic container with a transparent lid
make a mini-greenhouse. As a basis for education
root systems use:

– multi-layer toilet paper;

– paper napkins;

– sterile cotton wool.

The material is placed on the bottom of the container. The thickness of the base should
be 2-5 mm. Then the paper is well spilled with hot water,
the temperature of which is 70 ° C. Water not absorbed into the base
within five seconds, drained.

Important! As a basis for a mini-greenhouse
Do not use gauze. Also can not be laid in
container is a single layer gray toilet paper that promotes
the development of fungal diseases.

When the paper has cooled to a temperature of 30-40 ° C, the seeds are placed in
container. They are laid out in rows on a warm basis at a distance
about 0.5 cm apart.

The seed container is wrapped in a clear plastic wrap for
the base to cool more slowly. Wherein в емкости возникает
Greenhouse effect. Mini greenhouse помещают на подоконник.

In winter, the light day is short, so on the windowsill
equip additional lighting. As a backlight
use a fluorescent lamp or an incandescent lamp with
white light spectrum.

In the container, the cloves of Chabot sprout from 7 to 10 days. Seedlings
transplanted into cassettes with soil after the appearance of cotyledons
leaflets. The root system of plants should be white.

For transplanting germinated seeds from a mini-greenhouse into cassettes
prepare a soil mixture of similar components, which
used in the first method of growing carnation seedlings
Shabo.

Important! Soil sprinkle warm slightly pink
solution of potassium permanganate or the drug “Fitosporin-M” from
sprays for the prevention of “black leg” and other fungal
diseases.

Seedling care

An important biological feature of the Chabot carnation is
slow development. The plant will be ready for flowering in 6-8
months after sowing seeds.

Growth of green mass and bud formation can be accelerated by 1-2
months due to proper care for Shabo cloves on the stage
seedlings.

Sampling, dressing and pinching

20 days after emergence, seedlings are transplanted into
larger capacity to build root system. During
planting carnations Shabo in another tank earthen ball bit
destroy. Thus, stimulate the growth of lateral roots.

Feeding is carried out 4-5 days after the plant
take root. At this stage of seedling growth, it is fed
fertilizer with high phosphorus content. This macronutrient
contributes to the build-up of a strong fibrous root system.

Then, after one or two weeks, the seedlings are fed with nitrogenous
fertilizers to accelerate further growth and increase
vegetative mass. Fertilizing with nitrogen-containing fertilizers is carried out
no more than once a week until the third or fourth pair
real leaves.

After the appearance of the fourth pair of real leaves seedlings
pinch removing point growth over the second or third pair. it
promotes the formation of lateral shoots.

After pinching, the clove grows in the container for another two weeks. Behind
this time the roots will occupy the entire volume of the tank, and the plant is good
will transfer transplant to open ground. Planting carnations Shabo usually
carried out in late April – early May.

Preparing the soil for planting cloves Shabo in the open
priming

Seedlings пересаживают на солнечное, защищенное от ветра место.
If a высадить гвоздику Шабо в полутень, то цветение будет
scanty.

The plant loves sandy and sandy neutral or
slightly alkaline soils. В слабокислом ground гвоздика Шабо плохо
forms buds. Petals on flowers form less, and the plant
looks depressed.

When preparing the soil mixture for planting Shabo carnations in
открытый priming используют:

– 40% sand;

– 30% rotted cow dung;

– 20% of the soil from the garden;

– 10% vermiculite.

If a почва на участке слабокислая или кислая, к почвенной смеси
add wood ash or dolomite flour.

Правила ухода за гвоздикой Шабо в открытом ground

During the period of bud formation, in late May – early June,
Clove Shabo two or three times fed with magnesium and
potash fertilizers with an interval of 10 days. it увеличивает
the number of flowers on the plant.

During цветения подкормки прекращают. Intensive top dressing in
this period contribute to the fading of flowers and the falling of petals.
Fertilize the plant continues in the event that grown cloves
Shabo seed.

Behind неделю до начала цветения проводят удаление мелких бутонов.
They consume nutrients and reduce flowering time.
carnations.

You can remove the side shoots that will contribute
inflow of nutrients to the central flower stalk. Pruning
carry out in the event that grow flowers on a cut. On each
The plant leaves from five to ten flowers.

Although Chabo carnation is a perennial plant, in cold climates
It is cultivated as an annual. The plant can be left on
the second year, having covered with agrofibre, only in the southern regions.

In order to preserve the plant in winter, it is transplanted into
pots and put into a room with an air temperature of 15-18 ° C.
Cloves moderately watered.

The following year, Shabo carnation propagated by cuttings. For this
use side shoots. They take root easily in water and quickly.
form a fibrous root system. After the formation of the roots
черенки высаживают в открытый priming.

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