Mon, Oct 31, 2016
The unexpected happened – your baby was born prematurely.
You should not panic, although, indeed, sometimes the situation may be
serious enough. But, as a rule, this happens in the event that
if the child was born with significant defects in development, not
compatible with life and medicine (despite the fact that she is
the last 10-15 years have gone far ahead in terms of nursing
premature babies) is powerless. And yet, you need to believe in the best.
Neonatologists specializing in the treatment of prematurity
children will provide the necessary assistance in restoring your baby and
give competent detailed advice on caring for him.
Often young mothers, bringing home a small baby, have
which is not enough formed important body functions, not
know how to care for the baby at first, which are necessary
create conditions for its normal development.
What first need to pay attention to?
- One of the most important requirements is to comply
temperature conditions. Premature babies, thermoregulation system
which are still underdeveloped, need a certain
ambient temperature – 22-24 degrees. Required
airing the premises every 3 hours. Baby body temperature
It is better to measure twice a day to avoid overheating the baby.
- It is also possible to dress children whose weight exceeds 2 kg.
like ordinary children. For small children (1.5 kg. And less),
put on a knitted cap, a blouse with a hood, diapers and
sliders. Then wrapped in a flannelette blanket, placed in
wool envelope and cover with a flannel blanket. At the end of 1 month
envelope and blanket clean.
- For premature babies, full walks are allowed only with
2nd month of life, before that, their duration should not exceed
- Bathing children up to 2 kg. start after the umbilical closure
wounds, over 2 kg. – from week of age. Water should be
boiled at a temperature of 38 degrees.
Gastrointestinal premature infants tract is different
significant immaturity: a mild sucking reflex,
small volume of the stomach and low enzyme activity, deficiency
intestinal bifidoflora. Children are prone to frequent regurgitation.
belly, diarrhea or constipation. The ideal food is maternal
milk that contains valuable nutrients and protects against
infections. In case mom does not have milk, now
There are special mixes for premature babies. If
baby can not suck breast or bottle, you can feed
use a spoon or pipette.
To prevent regurgitation, you need to feed often and small
in portions. It is necessary to refuse feeding by the hour, and after eating
be sure to keep the child upright for 20 minutes.
Features of the nervous system
In premature babies, anxiety is increased,
difficulty falling asleep, there are convulsions, tremor, muscular disorder
tonus. Neurologist – one of the main doctors for premature babies,
consultation of which is carried out at least once a month. By
doctor’s recommendations can be assigned to brain ultrasound, encephalogram
sleep, massage and exercise, which give a good effect.
Exercises start at 3 months.
Major diseases of premature babies
The first months of life have a peculiar course.
diseases: the symptoms are vague or mild, while preserving
normal temperature. As a rule, the cause of increased
temperature is overheating.
Sharply reduced immunity contributes to a protracted course.
diseases and the development of septic complications. Most frequent
conditions: intestinal infections, otitis, pneumonia, flu. In connection with
high susceptibility to infections, the number of
people surrounded, limit visiting guests. With the disease
mothers of the baby are fed expressed milk, and the woman uses gauze
bandage or mask.
Premature babies should be registered at the dispensary.
residence for 7 years. Byмимо этого, можно наблюдаться и в
specialized clinics and hospitals depending on
Your baby’s health condition.
The main doctors who need to be monitored
- Neurologist (for example, Children’s Psycho-Neurological Hospital No. 18
has an outpatient department, where you can, if necessary
- Orthopedist (for example, City Children’s Hospital No. 19 named after Zatsepin
has a very good outpatient department, with the possibility
make ultrasound and hip x-ray. There are rooms
massage and exercise therapy).
- Cardiologist (or, as prescribed, cardiac surgeon).
- In addition, naturally, close contact with
pediatrician, local or private.
– Ophthalmologist (for example, in the “Helmholtz Moscow Research Institute of Eye Diseases”
there is a special room for premature babies, where
ophthalmologists specializing in the development of the visual apparatus
such children will provide all possible assistance, and if necessary, and
will conduct special studies: ultrasound and etc.).
It requires patience, care, attention and the belief that
their child, even though prematurely born will recover and,
definitely catch up in the development of their peers.