Gentle diet for gastrointestinal diseases

  • 1 The essence of a sparing diet
    • 1.1 When is a gentle diet prescribed?
  • 2 Features of a diet at illnesses of a zhk
    • 2.1 For gastritis
    • 2.2 After intestinal infection
    • 2.3 After removal of the gallbladder
    • 2.4 After removal of the adenoids
  • 3 Is it possible to lose weight on a sparing diet for gastrointestinal diseases?

With numerous diseases of the gastrointestinal tract,
liver, kidney, heart, as well as during the rehabilitation period after
transferred operations assigned a sparing diet developed
Famous nutritionist M.I. Pevznerom. Sparing diet –
therapeutic nutrition aimed at maintaining
organism, its saturation with all necessary vitamins, minerals
and trace elements, cleansing from toxins and slags.

The essence of a sparing diet

Щадящая диета – методика питания,
providing favorable conditions for recovery. In some
cases (with oxaluria, gout) is an effective way
treatment of the disease, precluding the additional use of medical
drugs. The main essence of a sparing diet is the transition to
proper, healthy food aimed at relief
digestive system.

Sparing diet involves fractional nutrition. To eat should be 5-6
once a day, but in small portions (250 g). On average, daily
caloric intake should be 2000 Kcal. All consumed
food must be freshly prepared from quality products.

Food should be at room temperature for better absorption.
all nutrients. Extreme food temperatures (hot
or cold) have an additional load on the organs
gastrointestinal tract, which is unacceptable in the treatment of any
diseases.

Sparing diet allows for differences in the use of protein
products (for example, kidney diseases, their number is strictly
limited), water, complex carbohydrates (with their high acidity
should be reduced, while reduced increase). Meat and poultry should
first boil and then cook dishes from them. Allowed
boiling, stewing, roasting in the oven, cooking on
a couple. Consumption of table salt is minimized, and
spices and spices are completely excluded.

Prohibited Products:

  • Flour products from wheat flour;
  • Bread and bakery products containing yeast;
  • Baking yeast dough;
  • Fatty and fried foods;
  • Legumes;
  • Chocolate;
  • Fast food;
  • Sugar;
  • Spicy spices, seasonings and spices;
  • Products that contain preservatives;
  • Coffee;
  • Energy and carbonated drinks;
  • Alcoholic beverages.

When prescribed a sparing diet?

Gentle diet prescribed for the following
diseases:

  • Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract in acute form;
  • Acute and chronic gastritis;
  • Low or high acidity of the stomach;
  • Stomach ulcer;
  • Diseases of the gallbladder and bile ducts;
  • Liver disease;
  • Renal failure;
  • Inflammation of the lymph nodes;
  • Joint diseases;
  • Gout;
  • Obesity;
  • Diabetes;
  • Tuberculosis;
  • Urolithiasis disease;
  • Disruption of the central nervous system;
  • Diseases of the cardiovascular system;
  • Heart failure;
  • Infectious diseases;
  • Violations of the gastrointestinal tract;
  • In the postoperative period.

Features of the diet in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract

A sparing diet suggests some features in
dependence on diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.

In diabetes, adjustments are made to the basic principles on
restriction in the diet of carbohydrates, animal fats, egg yolks,
offal.

In cardiovascular diseases, it is necessary to reduce
diet carbohydrates, eliminate tea, limit fat intake.

In renal diseases, protein products are limited. Salt
completely eliminated, and the amount of fluid consumed per day
reduced to 1 liter.

When gastritis

Gastritis – a disease caused by the bacterium Helicobacter
pylori, as well as improper diet (frequent snacks
dry yam, food poisoning, smoking, abuse
alcohol, etc.). There are acute and chronic gastritis.
Sparing diet for chronic and acute gastritis – therapeutic
a technique that allows you to completely cure the disease. Lies in
fractional meals (every 3 hours) in small portions (up to 250
c) for better digestion of food.

Sparing diet for gastritis allows the use of dishes in
отварном, запеченном, тушенном виде, приготовленном на a couple. Important
and the consistency of food consumed. Kashi should be
boiled and not crumbly. Lean meat recommended
употреблять в виде тефтелей или котлет, приготовленных на a couple.
Food temperature should be at room temperature so as not to injure.
wall of the stomach. Vegetables and fruits must undergo thermal
processing as they contain coarse fiber (except
bananas).

Sparing diet for gastritis involves the exclusion of freshly squeezed
vegetable and fruit juices, whole milk, rich meat
broths, seasonings (including onions and garlic), smoked meats,
fatty meat and fish, in addition to the above prohibited
products.

One-day menu for acute and chronic gastritis
(breakfast, snack, lunch, afternoon snack, dinner):

  • Oatmeal on water. Kissel;
  • Cottage cheese soufflé;
  • Mushroom cream soup. Boiled chicken breast;
  • Banana;
  • Mashed potatoes. Тефтели из говядины на a couple.

After intestinal infection

A sparing diet after an intestinal infection is aimed at
normalization of the gastrointestinal tract and recovery
water-salt balance in the body. Sparing diet after intestinal
infection involves eating foods that are not annoying
esophagus, intestines and stomach. Meals should be puree or
semi-liquid consistency, room temperature, cooked on
steamed or boiled. Before use all products carefully
crushed. Eating after an intestinal infection is necessary 5-6 times a day.
day in small portions.

Average calorie diet for an adult
after an intestinal infection should be about 2000 Kcal, and after
Improving well-being rises to 3000 Kcal. Restrictions
are introduced for salt (up to 10 grams per day) and sugar (up to 40
c). The volume of liquid drunk per day must be at least 2-2.2
liters. Allowed to drink water without gas, rice decoctions, tinctures
rose hips, weak teas with sugar.

Menu for the day after intestinal infection:

  • Semolina on water;
  • The broth is sweetened;
  • Vegetable cream soup with crackers. Beef souffle;
  • Berry Kissel;
  • Mashed potatoes. Steamed veal cutlets;
  • Currant jelly.

After removal of the gallbladder

A gentle diet after removal of the gallbladder refers to
curative discharge. The most stringent restrictions are imposed in
the first day after surgery. On the first day it is forbidden to drink water
just wet your lips with water or unsweetened broth hips. On
the second day allowed the use of 1 liter of water or decoction of
berries without sugar. On третьи сутки выпить обезжиренный кефир,
Loose tea with sugar or dried fruit compote. You can drink by
150 ml every 3 hours, while the volume drunk per day
liquids should not exceed 1.5 liters.

On четвертые сутки после удаления желчного пузыря при gentle
diets allowed: mashed potatoes, light broth puree soup
or vegetables, pumpkin, apple, carrot juice, omelette from
egg whites, boiled fish, berries jelly. Eat often
(7-8 times a day). The volume of one serving should not exceed 200.
gr.

Sparing diet after a week and for the next 1.5 months
after removal of the gallbladder suggests six meals a day
in small portions. Блюда отвариваются или готовятся на a couple.
Fruits and vegetables are thermally processed. Allowed употребление
lean meat, poultry, fish, dairy and sour milk
products.

Menu for one day after gall removal
bubble:

  • Oatmeal on milk;
  • Berry Kissel;
  • Celery Soup Stewed meatballs;
  • Omelette from 2 egg whites;
  • Mashed potatoes. Boiled rabbit fillet;
  • A slice of cottage cheese pudding.

After removal of the adenoids

A sparing diet after removal of the adenoids is aimed at
prevention of possible bleeding, inflammation of the nasopharynx.
Observe a sparing diet after surgery to remove the adenoids.
need within 2-3 weeks.

It is forbidden to eat hot and solid foods. Banned
fatty, fried, spicy, pickled, peppers, sour
fruits and vegetables, canned food, confectionery.

In the first week is allowed the use of kefir, cottage cheese,
carrot juice, cereal (manna, oatmeal, buckwheat), stewed
vegetables.

In the second week, you can gradually enter into the diet low-fat
meat, fish, poultry, chicken liver, soups. Fruits are allowed without
restrictions.

Sample menu on the day in the second week after removal
adenoids:

  • Buckwheat porridge with milk;
  • 2 bananas;
  • Chicken soup with pieces of poultry meat. Mashed potatoes with
    beef croquettes;
  • Kefir;
  • Rice porrige. Boiled fish. Vegetable stew.

Is it possible to lose weight on a sparing diet for gastrointestinal diseases?

Sparing diet prescribed for multiple diseases
gastrointestinal tract characterized by balance and
optimal calorie daily diet. Therapeutic diet
aims to restore the functions of the gastrointestinal tract,
cardiovascular system, liver, kidney, helps to eliminate
toxins and slags from the body, saturating it with useful vitamins
and minerals necessary for normal life.

Many people who want to lose weight are interested in
whether therapeutic diet helps to lose weight. Due to basic principles
sparing method of nutrition, from the diet eliminates all harmful
products (sweets, pastry and flour products, fat and fried
food, spices, alcohol) leading to weight gain, that
promotes weight loss. The results will not be as impressive.
as with strict mono-diet (for example, on apples or on
yogurt), weight loss will be slow, but stable.

On average, for a week following a gentle diet, you can lose weight by
3-4 kilograms, depending on the initial weight. Observing the basic
principles of nutrition according to the medical methodology and in the future, lost
pounds will not come back again. The benefits of losing weight when gentle
The technique also includes the elimination of fasting, weakness,
dizziness. Disadvantages of this method of getting rid of excess
no weight.

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