In child psychology, aggression is a child’s behavior that
causes physical, psychological or object harm to another
person, object or environment, even if attempted
the harm did not succeed.
The expression of aggression can occur in various ways,
including verbal abuse, personal property damage and physical
contact. According to the findings, children with aggressive actions
tend to be irritable, impulsive and restless.
Currently, there is no single answer about the reasons for aggressiveness.
children. Many psychologists believe that behavior is innate
and instinctive problem. Others suggest that the loss
universally accepted values, changing the principles of the traditional family,
insufficient parenting and social remoteness lead to
expression of aggression in children, adolescents and adults. Aggression
children are correlated against the background of unemployment in the family, unrest on
street, crime, psychiatric disorders.
Forms and goals of aggression in children
At the moment, experts distinguish between different forms, goals and
types of aggression. Behavior can take various forms:
She can be provoked to achieve various goals:
• express anger or hostility;
• to assert superiority;
• to intimidate others;
• to achieve the goal;
• be the answer to fear;
• be a reaction to pain.
Modern psychologists distinguish 2 types of aggression in a child:
• Impulsive – affective, performed in the affect stage.
Aggression is characterized by strong emotions, uncontrollable anger,
hysterical condition. This form of behavior is not planned, she
arises and occurs in the heat of the moment.
• Instrumental – predatory. Aggression is characterized by various
manipulators that are aimed at achieving a more important goal.
Instrumental aggression is often a planned action and
exists as a means to an end. Causing inconvenience
another person, for example, having broken a toy, the child moves to the goal
– buying a new, more interesting toy for yourself.
It has been observed that children with lower levels of development are more
prone to unplanned, impulsive aggression. Children
demonstrating predatory aggression — know how to control, plan, and
purposefully achieve the goal using aggression.
In psychology, there is a difference between the levels of aggression in
boys and girls. Boys are almost always more aggressive.
than girls. Big children are more aggressive than small ones. Active
and obsessive children are more aggressive than passive or very
In children of all age groups, aggressive behavior is
in a powerful way to convey your desires to others, as well as receiving
express your likes and dislikes.
Causes of aggression in children at different ages
• Infant age. Infants are aggressive when
very hungry, extremely uncomfortable, experiencing
fear, indisposition or pain. Parents can declare aggression
babies can appreciate the volume and tone of voice. But this opinion
erroneously. Crying baby – this is defense, it is a way to communicate, transfer
feelings and needs. He cannot be called a manifestation.
• Baby age. Crumbs from 2 to 4 years old show flash
aggression by hysterics, causing pain to their peers, adults,
damage to toys and furniture. Most often aggression at this age
happens in relation to adults as a way of achieving any
goals Speech aggression allows you to increase vocabulary
• Preschool age. Children от 4 до 6 лет могут проявлять
hostility to their brothers and sisters, as well as their peers. because of
social interaction in children appear imaginary and real
existing grievances. They make the child stand up for himself and
cause attacking anger – aggression.
Aggressiveness in a child and predisposition to violence
If a preschooler is behaving hostilely with familiar children,
adults and even animals, often hypersensitive, easy
touchy, quickly enraged and cannot calm down for a long time,
he may have a predisposition for violent behavior.
Preschooler is not yet taught how to be responsible for behavior
blames others for their actions. Parents should pay
Serious attention and take action to correct the situation.
Children дошкольного возраста склонны иметь кратковременные периоды
aggressive behavior because they misunderstand the fact that they
hurt, tired, or stressed. If the behavior
a few weeks, parents should consult
with your doctor and psychologist and eradicate the problem.
Factors that increase the risk of violent
Parents and teachers should be extremely attentive if:
• the child has been the victim of physical and sexual abuse;
• there was domestic violence;
• if the child regularly sees violence on the screen TV’s
Media from neighbors living next door;
• if parents use drugs and alcohol;
• if a firearm is present in the house;
• if the family is poor, is experiencing a stressful period,
is on the verge of breaking the marriage;
• if parenting is a single mother, parents lost
• if brain injury was present.
Parents can teach a child to be tolerant and manage their own
emotions. However, if the parents will openly express with the child
your anger, be rude assertiveness and irritability,
the child will follow the example of the parents and will not be responsible for his
behavior. Responsible parenting does not tolerate any form.
manifestations of violence and prevents him from any possible
Stimulators of aggression in a child
Psychologists say that when children lose dialogue with
peers, they feel stress, fear and
isolation This is the case when it may inadvertently
manifest aggression to peers, even strangers. Parents
should be attentive to the behavior of the child and stop in time
любые попытки агрессивного of behavior. When children overcome
sense of isolation they become friendly and do not show
Aggression can be a byproduct of poor parenting. If a
the child does not receive the necessary attention from parents, teachers and
peers, as well as being abused, he becomes
unruly and aggressive. If a родители игнорируют поведение или
unconsciously consider it normal, it may additionally
In many children, aggressive behavior is a symptom
manic stage of bipolar disorder. It may occur
irritability, developed on the background of depression.
Sometimes children are aggressive toward peers because of fear or
suspiciousness. This disorder occurs when present.
schizophrenia, paranoia, or other psychotic states.
Aggression can also be a by-product of inability.
cope with emotions, especially disappointment. Disorder
встречается у аутичных и умственно отсталых children. Such children if
in something frustrated, can not fix with emotions,
effectively talk about the current situation therefore
Children с синдромом СДВГ или другими деструктивными расстройствами
against the background of misunderstanding and impulsiveness can also be
aggressive behavior, especially when social
Aggressive child: what to do – advice from psychologists
Psychologists say: to eliminate aggressive behavior
it is necessary to determine the main cause and basic factors –
Then teach parents effective ways to manage.
child’s behavior, without the slightest hint of aggression or punishment.
It is important to have positive contact with the child, to encourage good
behavior and not focus only on difficult moments
Special rules must be created and observed in the family.
of behavior, которые подходят для возраста ребёнка, разумны и
meaningful close environment. Parents должны научиться быть
logical in behavior and decision making. Retain the ability to own
emotions in any, even the most unexpected situations.
Studies have shown that physical punishment does not solve, but
усугубляют проблему агрессивного of behavior. If a родители применяют
family punishments, children:
• do not know how to control their behavior;
• have a sense of fear and fear of disobeying their parents, but
while more often hooligans;
• have an increased risk of getting mental disorders with
health in adulthood;
• become predisposed to violence, bullying
future spouse, own children;
• lose the quality of relationships with parents.
Psychologists believe that the common problem of all parents is
that children fight with sisters and brothers and manifest
aggressiveness to unfamiliar children. In childhood, children often
there are differences and conflicts. Children имеют разные потребности,
desires and ways of doing things – this property makes them
Parents должны учить детей осваивать социальные и эмоциональные
behavior management skills. If a ребенок любит борьбу и очень
active, parents can offer him to do eastern
martial arts, judo, any kind of struggle. Sport will teach
little fidget right fighting techniques, safe ways
At preschool age, children should be taught to find peaceful
способы предотвращения aggression. Help them express correctly
your emotions, understand the basic needs of others,
understand and feel the situation and the present environment.