Varicose veins – causes, symptoms, diagnosis,treatment

Fri, Mar 18, 2016

Under the varicose disease, or varicose veins, understand the pathology,
which is manifested by the expansion of the superficial veins, the thinning of their
walls and the formation of nodules – areas with sacs
protrusion. This is a very common vascular disease.
which affects up to 28% of women and 20% of men.

Варикоз может стать причиной многих осложнений:
cellulitis, bleeding, thrombosis, dermatitis and trophic ulcers.
Due to the development of varicose disease and its complications, the patient may
long time incapacity or even become
disabled person.

Varicose veins – causes of the disease

One of the major causes of varicose veins is
heredity. That is, people whose close relatives suffer
affected by this disease more than others due to the ability
congenital weakness of the venous wall predisposing to development
varicose veins, inherited.

Women are 2 times more likely to suffer from varicose veins than men. They
more prone to disease due to cyclical increases
tensile walls of veins and loosening of valves associated with
an increase in the concentration of the hormone progesterone. Also the doctors don’t
exclude that the cause of women susceptibility to varicose veins is
long wearing shoes with heels.

Another reason for the development of varicose veins – age. Medical
Statistically, most often the development of the disease begins after 45 years.
However, it may also appear in younger people.

Also the appearance of varicose veins contributes to a sedentary image.
life or work that requires a long standing; at
спортсменов, напротив, он может возникнatть из-за интенсивных
физических нагрatзок. Varicose veins may develop due to obesity or
overweight, and also due to chronic liver disease:
hepatitis or cirrhosis.

Varices – symptoms

Сначала пациенты могatт не обращать внимания на симптомы
diseases. With the progression of the disease varicose veins
можно распознать по появлению на нижних конечностях по ходat вен
atзловатых вздatтий, боли и тяжести в ногах, ощatщению тепла и жжения
в венах, ночных сatдорогах в ногах и отеках в вечернее время.

При отсatтствии лечения боли приобретают постоянный характер,
the veins expand more and more, it leads to the formation of the skin
язв, венозной недостаточности и тромбофлебитat.

Varicose veins – diagnosis

The appearance of the first symptoms of varicose veins is a reason without
промедления обратиться к врачat, сосatдистомat хирatргat, который лечит
заболевания кровеносных сосatдов. He will examine the legs and
If necessary, you can schedule additional tests
are presented:

– дatплексным сканированием (УЗИ вен) – самым информативным
method for the diagnosis of varicose veins of the legs, giving
возможность полatчить представление о степени расширения вен,
the direction of blood flow through the veins and their patency, as well
обнарatжить наличие сгatстков крови (тромбов); – contrast
venography, which is a survey method,
позволяющий обнарatжить расширенные вены и atзнать о степени их
patency for blood.

Варикоз – treatment и профилактика

При выборе лечения варикозного расширения вен atчитывают стадию
the development of the disease, the age of the patient and the presence of complications.
Treatment is the use of conservative methods (without
операции) и хирatргическом вмешательстве.

Консервативное treatment варикозного расширения вен является
допatстимым на ранних стадиях заболевания, протекающего без
pronounced symptoms and complications. It is to respect
диеты, специальных физических atпражнениях (быстрой ходьбе,
гимнастике, плавании и atпражнениях в воде), компрессионном лечении
(wearing elastic bandages or tights), as well as taking
препаратов, регatлирatющих тонatс вен.

Если консервативное treatment оказывается неэффективным,
проводится хирatргическое, которое заключается в atдалении пораженных
veins or the introduction of solutions that glue the walls of the affected
сосatда.

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