Plantain – a general description
Подорожник — многолетнее растение семейства
plantain, characterized by a rosette of the central
parts of which grow flowering leafless stems – floral
arrows. Rhizome – thick, short, seated on all sides
fibrous, filiform processes, located vertically.
Leaves – broadly or broadly ovate, petiolate.
Slightly pubescent or bare, up to 12 cm long with 6-9 longitudinal
veins. Flowers – small, with a brown corolla, one each in the bosom
membranous bract. Fruit – ovate, multi-seeded,
two-gnezdnaya box with small seeds, located in
each nest in the amount of 4-8 pieces.
It blooms from May to August, the fruits ripen in September and October.
Plantain – types and places of growth
Plantain – a plant that is ubiquitous. Meet
it can be on the streets, in gardens, on roadsides, meadows, pastures,
forest glades and trails. Grows on different moisture and
mechanical composition of the soil. Along the paths and roads can
form thickets with a length of several kilometers.
Depending on the habitat plantain has many
popular names: traveler, road builder, traveler, road burdock.
If we talk about species, then at the moment it is known
about 260 species. There are very original copies,
whose life cycle is no more than a season, some
feel good in the mountain deserts of Peru and Argentina, others –
climbed to an altitude of 4 thousand meters above sea level, the third –
grow to 2 meters (Hawaii).
The most common species found on the territory
Russia and the former CIS countries are: plantain purple,
sandy, snowy, seaside, lanceoliferous, blackening.
Psyllium – medicinal properties
The plant has anti-inflammatory, analgesic,
hemostatic, bactericidal, antiallergic and
hypnotic action. Plantain-based drugs are helpful for
eye diseases, headache, diabetes, metabolic disorders
substances, anemia, neurasthenia, arrhythmias, heart failure,
diseases of the gallbladder.
Plantain improves appetite, has a complex effect.
on the work of the digestive system, stimulates the production of gastric
juice. It is useful in chronic gastritis, colitis, flatulence,
stomach ulcer. High efficacy in the treatment of
malignant neoplasms, lymphogranulomatosis and
Broths of leaves used in the treatment of tuberculosis, bronchitis
and other diseases of the pulmonary system. Water infusion of leaves at
ingestion tones, and alcoholic – lowers arterial
pressure and has a pronounced sedative effect.
A decoction of the seeds is known as an enveloping and emollient.
with constipation, hemorrhoids, inflammation of the stomach and
Plantain – dosage forms
Leaves, seeds, juice, less often
– inflorescences. It is allowed to use both in dried and in
fresh form. The most common dosage forms are infusions,
decoctions and tinctures.
Leaves are harvested during the summer. Intact green leaves
you need to carefully tear off with your hands or cut off with shears. It is better
to go for the plantain after the rain. Dry the leaves well
ventilated room, in a dryer at 50 degrees or
under a canopy, scattering a thin layer. You can strung leaves on a string
and hang in the shade, and after 3 days dry in a box. Store
the received raw materials in a paper package or a glass jar in dark
place 3 years.
Seeds together with peduncles harvested after flowering. Dried
and stored in a similar way. Shelf life – 2 years.
With strong coughing attacks, sore throats, bronchitis, whooping cough will help
infusion: 1 tbsp. l dry leaves / glass of water, boil, insist,
wrapped for 2 hours, drain. Drink 1 tbsp. l 3
times a day.
With colitis, gastritis from the leaves, squeeze the juice and take it by
1 tbsp. l 4 times a day for half an hour before meals.
With constipation, inflammatory processes of the digestive system
effective infusion of seeds: 25 gr. raw materials / 0.2 boiling water, shake. Drink
2 tablespoons 3 times daily before meals.
При язвенной болезни свежеотжатый сок смешать с 1 ч. l honey
boil for 20 minutes. Take 3 tbsp. l Keep refrigerated,
tightly closed lid.
Fresh leaves are applied to purulent wounds, scratches,
Plantain – contraindications
It is not recommended to use the plantain inside people with elevated
acidity of the stomach and a tendency to thrombosis.
Oksana 05/03/2016 I remember when my friend had problems with
metabolism, to her some drug was prescribed, based on
plantain. I was even surprised. But, everything from a friend cost, she
complex and some other grass saw. In general, the plantain can
to count. Ira 05/03/2016 Yes, we are all accustomed to counting on
plantain, only with abrasions and wounds. We know for sure that
him leaf to the sore, and get rid of the bleeding and dirt from
microbes, and even pain. And here it turned out that the plantain can
use much more extensive. Anna 05/03/2016 Here is a plantain
there are many kinds of species, and it grows almost everywhere. Literally
walking on the medicine with their feet. I learned a lot about myself
this plant. He, it turns out, even affects the tumor! And it is colitis
And gastritis, of course, will cure. Svetik 03/05/2016 I’m already tired of reading
all the properties of plantain, listing all the diseases that he
treats Immediately and do not try to remember, but just realized one thing – this
just a great plant to rely on! AND,
almost without contraindications. Natalya 05/03/2016 Plantain,
probably known to all. Moreover, as a remedy for abrasions and
wounds, or rather, from infection through them. Больше я ничhim и не
I heard about the plantain, but that was enough for me. At any
situation, since childhood, we were rescued by plantain.