Gastritis – causes, symptoms, diagnosis,treatment

Sun, Mar 20, 2016

Гастрит является наиболее часто встречающимся в
gastroenterology of the disease to which, by different
data about 60-80% of the adult population. Gastritis is an inflammation.
gastric mucosa, accompanied by a restructuring of the glands
gastric epithelium and impaired gastric cell function
epithelium.

Depending on the area of ​​inflammation in this or that department
stomach disease is distinguished: * pantagastritis or diffuser; *
fundic or gastritis of the body of the stomach; * antral gastritis.

Chronic gastritis, depending on the cause of the disease, may
also have the following forms: * autoimmune gastritis, type A; *
Helicobacter gastritis, type B; * reflux or chemical gastritis,
type C.

Special forms include – lymphocytic, radiation,
eosinophilic, granulomatous gastritis, as well as atrophic
gastritis and carditis arising from inflammation in the cardiac region
stomach. Atrophic form of gastritis, associated with thinning
mucous membrane, with secretory insufficiency and with a decrease
the number of glands. The main reason for its occurrence is considered
seeding of Helicobacter pylori by bacteria, which is most often
приводят к развитию рака stomach.

Gastritis – causes

– Unhealthy diet, expressed in too strict a diet or
the use of fatty, spicy, salty and smoked food.

– Frequent use of drugs.

– Smoking and alcohol abuse.

– Various stressful situations.

– Severe illness or diseases of the nervous system.

– Reverse bile flow into the stomach and into the duodenum, from
gallbladder.

– Acute decrease in blood flow resulting from
stress.

– Multiple fractures, injuries.

– Infectious diseases including HIV, syphilis,
tuberculosis, parasitic infection, cytomegalovirus.

– Radiation.

– Autoimmune diseases and disorders.

– Crohn’s disease.

– Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.

Gastritis – symptoms

The disease is mainly manifested characteristic symptoms
peptic ulcer – pain on an empty stomach and pulling or
with aching pains in the epigastric region at night. Besides
vomiting, nausea, heartburn, and belching are possible. Is characteristic
tendency to constipation and possible symptoms of gastric dyspegia
– severity dull pain after eating in epigastria, nausea, belching
air, bloating, unpleasant taste in the mouth, relaxation
the chair.

Gastritis – diagnosis

The diagnosis is based on the results of the instrumental and
laboratory examination:

– complete blood and urine test;

– analysis of feces;

– study of fecal occult blood;

– blood chemistry;

– identification of Helicobacter pylori infection;

– gastroscopy, which is the main method of confirmation
diagnosis, allowing to clarify the existing options for gastritis and
presence / absence of Helicobacter pylori infection;

– ultrasound of the pancreas, liver, gallbladder, necessary
for the diagnosis of frequent concomitant disease
pathology

Гастрит – treatment

В первую очередь treatment подразумевает ликвидацию Helicobacter
pylori infection, dynamic observation to identify
progression of autrophic changes occurring on the mucous
stomach and decrease the active signs of gastritis. And
preventing the possible development of precancerous changes on
gastric mucosa intestinal dysplasia and metaplasia.

Treatment also includes dietary related actions.
nutrition and getting rid of bad habits, as well as physical therapy,
pharmacological therapy and sanatorium-treatment courses for
consolidation of remission.

With increased acidity, patients with gastritis,
recommended diet number 1, with hypoacid manifestation – diet number 2. Food
It is recommended to take a little, often and in the diet to avoid
products that irritate the mucous.

Medications:

* to reduce the secretion of hydrochloric acid – protonic inhibitors
pumps and blockers of H2-histamine receptors; * antacids
allowing to reduce the activity of pepsin and bind solyanubyu
acid; gastroprotectors with astringent and enveloping
properties; * to regulate digestion, relieve spasms and
normalization of peristalsis; * antibacterial drugs for
eradication.

Comments

Ivan 11/01/2016 You are right gastritis is not a joke and it should be treated. After all
the consequences are very grave.

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