Кольпит (второе название – вагинит) —
disease associated with inflammation of the mucous membrane of the vagina.
The disease is infectious, the source can be chlamydia,
Mycoplasma, Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, Trichomonas and the like.
In addition, the disease can cause associations
Colpitis is one of the most frequent gynecological diseases, and
mainly women of reproductive age suffer from it.
Colpit – causes
There are the following causes of colpitis:
– the presence of infectious diseases of the genitourinary sphere; – reduction
immunity that can be caused by any chronic
infection; – hormonal disruptions (ovarian disease, obesity,
menopause, diabetes); – the anatomical features of the vagina; –
damage to the mucous membrane of the vagina; – poor nutrition of the mucous membrane
or advanced age (atrophic or age-related colpitis); –
failure to comply with the rules of intimate hygiene; – the presence of allergic
reactions to various creams, condoms or candles.
Colpitis – symptoms
There are specific and nonspecific symptoms.
With a specific form caused by genital infections, the walls
vagina have a velvety structure and when touched
Nonspecific colpitis has an infectious-inflammatory
origin, often characterized by an acute form of the disease.
For him the following symptoms are distinguished:
– mucopurulent discharge; – itching and redness of the external
genital organs; pain during urination and during sexual intercourse
of the act; – pain in the lower abdomen; – general deterioration of well-being.
Kolpit – diagnosis
The primary diagnosis of colpitis is gynecological
examination, during which the doctor determines the signs
inflammatory process, as well as the degree of damage to the epithelium.
Further studies are conducted to identify the causative agent and
its sensitivity to various antibiotic groups.
The following types of studies are used for diagnosis:
– common smear; – cytological smear of the neck; – bacteriological
seeding microflora; – seeding sensitivity to antibiotics; – PCR�
(for ureplama, mycoplasma, gardnerella, chlamydia, papillomas,
herpes); – according to indications is carried out by ELISA of blood; – in some cases
requires a study of hormonal levels.
Кольпит – treatment и профилактика
Treatment of colpitis, like any other disease, can not
save. First, the disease brings psychological discomfort
due to persistent discharge and itching. Secondly, progressive
infection and irritation of the mucous membranes can cause cervical erosion,
endodermitis and even sterility.
After all the research, antibacterial therapy is carried out.
At the same time it is very important when taking antibiotics fully follow
all the recommendations of the doctor and do not forget that many of them have
contraindications during pregnancy. These drugs include
Betadine (contraindicated from the 3rd month of pregnancy), Dalatsin,
Nolitsin, Terzhinal, Clindacin cream and others. Dont Have
contraindications for pregnant women Vagatil, Pimafutsin, and also many
Местное treatment кольпита предполагает приём травяных ванн,
the use of tampons with sea buckthorn oil, douching and
use of candles. In the treatment of colpitis folk remedies
you should consult with your doctor and in no case
to abuse these methods.
After completing the course of treatment, you must re-pass
bacteriological studies to make sure there is no
возбудителей kolpita. In addition, at the time of treatment of the disease (2
weeks) abstinence is recommended.
Prevention of colpitis is to respect the rules of personal
hygiene and timely visit to the gynecologist when the first