Ambrobene is a mucolytic drug used for inhalations for bronchial and asthma diseases. The drug is available in various forms, including solution that must be prepared before use for using a nebulizer. Holding inhalations, according to most doctors is the most effective way to treat catarrhal diseases.
The way Ambrobene uses directly depends on its dosage form – the agent can be taken orally or inhaled. Solution for inhalation is a clear liquid yellowish, odorless. Ambroxol hydrochloride – basic active ingredient of the drug contained in the drug concentration 7.5 mg per 1 ml.
Along with the active ingredient, the preparation includes such excipients like:
- hydrochloric acid;
- potassium sorbate;
- purified water.
Ambroxol is benzylamine, that is, the metabolite of bromhexine, which has pronounced sekretoliticheskim, sekretomotornym and expectorant actions. Effect after using the medication occurs after about 30 minutes of inhalation and lasts approximately 6-12 hours – it all depends on the dose taken.
The results of the studies showed that the current component stimulates serous cells of the mucous membrane glands bronchi. As a result, ciliary epithelium cells are activated, reducing sputum viscosity. After inhalation is activated the formation of surfactant, having a direct effect on all cells respiratory tract. The considered agent has antioxidant effect.
Indications for use Ambrobene
The drug Ambrobene is intended for use in diseases легких и bronchi. Inhalation is indicated when bronchitis patient with difficult maneuverability due to the large number accumulated thick sputum. The active ingredient goes directly to respiratory tract and effectively removes phlegm.
In some cases, Ambrobene is prescribed to use when obstructive bronchitis, which makes it possible to reduce the frequency and dosage of antibiotics taken. In case of bronchial asthma inhalation is recommended immediately after the end of the attack, but first it is necessary to take bronchodilators to avoid spasm bronchi.
Ambrobene inhalations are carried out in case of bronchiectasis lung, a characteristic feature of which is the stagnation of sputum and the formation of a kind of pouches with pus. Drug effective clears the bronchi. This tool is effective at pneumonia. Prepare a solution for inhalation with the drug Ambrobene possible to relieve symptoms of colds, for example, when dry cough and runny nose.
Despite numerous positive reviews about Ambroben, This drug has a list of certain contraindications. Inhalation is not recommended when:
- kidney problems;
- stomach ulcer;
- hypersensitivity and intolerance to compound components of drugs Ambrobene.
With extreme caution inhalation in the presence of serious liver diseases and problems with the activity of the muscles of the bronchi, and also for women during pregnancy. Accurate Exposure Data active substance on the condition of the child and the pregnant woman on today no. At what age can you do inhalation? The drug Ambrobene can be given to children at the age of one year. Newborn babies up to one year old are allowed to give medicine only. pediatrician’s prescription.
Side Effects < / h2>
In rare cases, the use of the drug Ambrobene can lead to the development of serious side effects. Symptoms are expressed in different ways, since the form of side effects depends largely on the individual characteristics of the patient.
A strong overdose of the drug can cause problems in the work of the digestive system. There is a possibility of nausea, dry mouth, vomiting, dyspepsia, diarrhea and abdominal pain. Some patients noted a disturbance in taste perceptions.
The reaction to hypersensitivity to the components of Ambrobene is expressed as manifestations of allergy: itching, rash, angioedema, urticaria, and even anaphylactic shock.
How to do inhalation with Ambrobene: instruction < / h2>
Как разводить Ambrobene for inhalation? Before attempting to self-administer inhalation for the first time, consult with a professional doctor who, if necessary, may prescribe simultaneous intake of several dosage forms of the drug.
First you need to properly prepare the solution for inhalation, and then figure out how to carry out the procedure:
- The preparation should be diluted in sodium chloride solution (0.9%) in a 1: 1 ratio. The necessary composition is sold in almost any pharmacy. < / Li>
- After that the product should be heated to room temperature. < / li>
- Everything is ready for the procedure. The drug should be inhaled gradually, trying to take deep breaths. Experts recommend maintaining a constant breathing rate. The procedure lasts an average of 10 minutes. < / li> < / ol>
Accurate dosage Ambrobene prescribed by the attending physician, but there are general recommendations for the preparation of the solution. The dosage depends on the age of the patient, the form and severity of the disease. However, in most cases, this tool is prescribed in a 1: 1 ratio.
Dosage of the drug < / h2>
Перед тем, как залить Ambrobene for inhalation в небулайзер, его требуется приготовить. Most often, the drug is mixed with saline, which helps to moisturize the mucous membrane and liquefy sputum. The drug and the solution is diluted in a ratio of 1: 1. Before inhalation, the medication obtained is slightly warmed up. The duration of the procedure can reach 10 minutes. Children just breathe therapeutic steam composition for 3-5 minutes.
– Adults and children over 6 years < / strong>
For adult patients and children over the age of 6 years, the drug is prepared in the following proportions: 2-3 ml Ambrobene for 2-3 ml of saline. The procedure is recommended to continue for 5-10 minutes. Inhalation should be done 1-3 times a day, after 1.5 hours after a meal. How many days to do inhalation? To achieve a pronounced effect, the treatment should last for 5-7 days.
– For children from 2 to 6 years < / strong>
Children aged 2 to 6 years, the drug composition is prepared based on the ratio of 2 ml Ambrobene to 2 ml of saline. One inhalation should last 3-5 minutes. The procedure is recommended to be repeated 1-2 times a day, after 1.5 hours from the time of the meal. The duration of treatment is an average of 5-7 days.
– Children up to 2 years < / strong>
For babies up to 2 years old, the medicine must be prepared, observing the following proportions: 1 ml of the drug to 1 ml of saline. The procedure should be carried out within 3-5 minutes. Inhalation should be done 1-2 times a day. It is recommended to accept means in 1,5 hours after food for 5-7 days. Doctors recommend using a special measuring cup. Before you prepare the composition and conduct inhalation, you should carefully examine the annotation to the tool and check the shelf life. < P>
Analogues of the medicine Ambrobene < / h2>
The drug Ambrobene has a whole list of similar medicines, similar in composition and principle of action. Below is a short list of Ambrobene analogues sold in the form of inhalation solutions:
- Амброгексал (Германия)< / li>
- Лазолван< / li>
- Амброксол< / li>
- Беродуал< / li>
- Беротек< / li>
- Натрия хлорид и прочие.< / li> < / ul>
In modern pharmacy chains there is a wide variety of similar drugs with the same composition, but in different dosage forms – syrup, drops, tablets. Many of the drugs sold are cheaper than Ambrobene, but when choosing a medicine, it will be better to get professional advice from a specialist. |
Price < / h2>
The drug in the form of a solution for inhalation in Moscow can be bought at the lowest price for 120 rubles. In other cities of Russia, the cost of the medicinal product may vary. In many ways, the final price of the drug depends on the individual approach of each seller to conduct their trade. The cost of the drug in other dosage forms reaches 270 rubles.