Thrombophlebitis – causes, symptoms, diagnosis,treatment

Wed, 04 May 2016

Thrombophlebitis is a disease that results from
inflammatory process inside the vein, in the lumen of which appears
blood clot that narrows the blood channel and impairs current
blood. Тромбофлебит является серьезной проблемой
for people who, by the nature of their activities, are forced to spend “on
feet “the bulk of working time. Once developed varicose veins
may be the main reason for further deterioration
venous system most often resulting in
thrombophlebitis.

Thrombophlebitis is superficial (affecting the upper layers of the veins)
and deep (affecting the veins that are inside the soft
tissue).

Thrombophlebitis – causes

Like most diseases of the musculoskeletal system, in
Thrombophlebitis at risk
people who subject their body to frequent physical overload.
Constant weight lifting is accompanied by a high degree.
loads on legs and hip joints. It is in these departments
most often begins deformation of the veins. But one should not think that
thrombophlebitis affects only active people. There is still a whole
a number of reasons that provoke the onset of the disease.

Among them: • Slow blood flow, • Changes in blood composition, •
Impaired normal blood clotting, • Disease or injury
vessels, • Disorders of neurotrophic or endocrine
nature, • Infectious diseases, • Allergic processes, •
Intravenous administration of drugs, accompanied by
damage to the wall of the blood channel. • Operational
intervention, especially in the area of ​​the hip joints and lower
parts of the abdominal cavity.

The disease is most often affected by people who have violations in
activities of the cardiovascular system, or with various
infectious manifestations and purulent inflammatory
processes.

Thrombophlebitis – symptoms

The manifestation of the disease depends on the size of the thrombus and the length
sore venous wall.

• Symptoms of thrombophlebitis of the leg. The first attack usually occurs
suddenly and accompanied by a feeling of distention in the muscles of the calves of the legs and
pains. When lowering the lower leg, the discomfort is sharp.
intensified. The disease may be accompanied by an increase
body temperature. On the inflamed area, swelling is clearly visible, and the skin
becomes with a light gray tint. Touch and especially
squeezing, painful for the patient.

• Symptoms of thrombophlebitis of the femoral vein. Pain less
expressed due to a larger clearance and better blood flow than in
ankle part of the legs. Clear signs of femoral thrombophlebitis
is pain in the limbs and some bulging of the veins in the area
thighs, in groin and pubic part. Body temperature may rise to
condition chills. Chance of slight swelling of nearby
muscle

• Symptoms of thrombophlebitis of the ileal-femoral region
trunk vein. The most serious form of the disease that
tolerated by patients quite difficult. If the blood clot is not completely
blocked the lumen of the channel, then patients may not feel too
sharp pains. But a certain discomfort arises in the lower back and
sacrum, and also the lower part of the abdominal cavity in the affected area
veins. Sharp pains and deterioration of health begin at full
перекрытии просвета veins. The temperature rises to 39
degrees, malaise with signs of intoxication. A place
the appearance of a blood clot may be completely white or bluish color,
swelling occurs around.

Thrombophlebitis – diagnosis

Thrombophlebitis is diagnosed by palpation and
plot, which is the cause of pain.
To create a clearer clinical picture, spend
rheovasography or Doppler ultrasound. Most
informative is ultrasound study using
color coded blood flow. Such a diagnosis is not only
determines the size of the thrombus, but also assesses the quality of the affected vein and
the degree of narrowing of its lumen.

Тромбофлебит — treatment

Treatment and rehabilitation of patients with thrombophlebitis takes place in
hospital conditions and under the strict supervision of specialists.
First, before establishing the final diagnosis, the patient
fix the affected limb, raising it above the surface on
15-20 degrees. Затем проводится медикаментозное treatment, суть
which is to manage drugs that can break
blood clots and prevent their further education. After
локализации воспаления больным показано курортное treatment с
baths containing hydrogen sulfide. In the most acute cases
used surgical method of treatment with vein ligation.

Even after undergoing inpatient treatment, patients should
constantly wear elastic dressings fixing problem areas
veins.

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