Strawberries under agrofibre – a rich harvest!Features and specifics of growing strawberries under the agrofiber

Чт, 16 июн 2016 Автор: Владислав Петров

Strawberry is a favorite delicacy of almost all residents.
of our planet.

But getting a quality crop is not easy.

This requires constant care – regular watering,
feeding, fertilizing the soil, weed control, etc.

Based on this, one of the most popular production methods
Strawberries are considered to be grown under agrofibre.

Strawberries under agrofibre: pros and cons

The most significant advantage of using agrofibre in
the process of growing strawberries is a significant reduction
time and effort care for garden beds. Eliminates the need
loosening the soil, permanent weeding, frequent watering.

On strawberry plantations under the agrofiber is easier to deal with
the spread of whiskers that are not rooted and grow in the form
the carpet. This material contributes to the collection of only pure berries, and
also getting rid of the defeat of the bushes and fruits gray mold. Also
fiber minimizes the spread of pests, among which
there may be a bear, beetles, slugs, etc.

Agrofibre is considered another competitive advantage
slow evaporation of moisture, so watering the plantation is necessary
produce less often. After rains, the material dries quickly and
prevents mud rotting berries.

Among other things, fiber helps to reduce the duration
fruit ripening for 7-9 days, as well as better survival
planted bushes.

The disadvantages of using this material are very well known.
Little. One of the few disadvantages can be considered uneven
passing the moisture of the new web and rolling into the water furrows. Under
an anthill or a pest can hide for the winter.
All this is completely removable.

Thus, agrofibre is very economical and
practical material that can be easily purchased almost in
every garden shop.

Strawberry under the agrofiber: the choice of shelter

As we have already found out, the use of agrofibre significantly
increases yield, accelerates the ripening of berries, saves the bushes from
rotting, etc. In the process of growing strawberries, two
coating types: covering and mulching spunbond, white
or black.

Белое агроволокно эксплуатируют для укрывания
planted strawberry beds to prevent freezing, strong
rain, hail, as well as ultraviolet sunlight. Such
material passes about 80% of sunlight, however negative
no effect on plant development was found. This fiber is often
used for the construction of greenhouses. Its density is enough
low, which contributes to raising even small
bushes.

There is a sufficiently large number of gradations necessary
density. The minimum density is 17 g / sq.m. Such материал
protects plants during light frosts (2-3 degrees
frost).

The increase in the density of the coating increases the security of the bushes:

• 19 g / sq.m – about minus four;

• 23 g / sq.m – up to 5-6 degrees frost;

Some of the most dense materials, that is, 30-60 g / m2, are capable of
protect from more severe frosts. But they are used to build
frame greenhouse. Also они применяются при нежелании бороться с
weeds, weeds, distribution of whiskers. In this case
применяется мульчирующее агроволокно с плотностью
60 g / m2, which stops the development of all plants under it
the account of non-falling of sunshine. Bushes are planted in certain
slotted. Strawberry pests, such as slugs, also do not
able to get to the berries.

Some farmers combine two types of spunbond, i.e.
the soil is covered with mulching material, but the bushes are on top
cover with white light fiber.

Agrofibre standard width – 1.6 and 3.2 meters. Implementation
occurs on the footage, so the length can be easily calculated and bought
the right amount of material.

Strawberries under agrofibre: varieties, planting dates

Before you start breeding strawberries, you should carefully and
carefully examine the existing varieties. The importance of the moment
is that different varieties adapt differently to
climate, have their endurance, yield, planting dates, collection
harvest, etc.

There are dozens of different strawberry varieties that divide
into groups depending on ripening terms: early, mid-season,
late, remontant varieties.

In turn, the groups are divided into specific
kinds:

• Early variety – “Alba”, “Honey”, “Octave”, “Olbia”;

• Mid-season – “Marmalade”, “Arosa”, “Vityaz”, “Queen”;

• Late variety – “Bounty”, “Malvina”, “United Kingdom”,
�”Pegasus”;

• Remontant – “Queen Elizabeth 2”, “Monterey”, “Diamond”,
�”Albion”.

Let us consider in more detail the most common strawberry
varieties.

«Альба». It is considered one of the earliest and
the most fruitful. The variety is very hardy, able to tolerate
frost, resistant to powdery mildew, bacterial burn. poorly
carries tractosis. Landing can be done from early
Spring and until November. Before landing in the ground, its is necessary
perekapat, loosen, fertilize. Develops well and
gives a good harvest when using agrofibre.

«Хоней». Early American variety. Under
agrofiber fruits ripen in early to mid-May. When landing
is necessary выбрать ровное и освещенное место. Участок is necessary
prepare in the fall, make the necessary fertilizers. Plant out
seedlings preferably in early spring, best in the evening or in
cloudy weather. После высадки is necessary залить водой. First 7
days water daily.

«Царица». Enough undemanding grade.
Planting can be made both in spring and autumn in the lungs.
sandy soils. Почву is necessary перекопать и внести фосфорные
fertilizer.

«Королева Елизавета 2». Early remontant
grade. Very picky about the composition of the soil, sensitive in the heat.
Liming is very important. The soil is prepared for about 40 days.
Sits “Elizabeth 2” or in early spring after the end of frost,
or late fall three weeks before frost. It has a high
disease resistance.

«Монтерей». A variety that can bloom and
bear fruit several times during the growing season. Resilient
by the hot summer, not afraid of small frosts. Requires large
space during landing. Plant out кусты желательно в июле
or august.

Thus, choosing the right variety will allow you to achieve
desired results in the process of growing strawberries.

Strawberries under the agrofiber: care features

Caring for plants under the agrofiber is no different from
growing strawberries in the open field. So as before disembarking
seedlings soil prepared and enriched with fertilizers, in the first
2-3 years feeding do not need. In subsequent years
fruiting bushes need to be fed with liquid fertilizers,
which are made using watering cans or through drip
tapes.

It is worth noting that the strawberry tolerates excessiveness
moisture and its lack. The best solution to this problem is
drip irrigation, which is desirable to use 3-4 times a week
summer. With a drop in temperature, the amount of watering is reduced.

In the spring, be sure to cut off the old dry leaves, in the fall –
remove the formed mustache.

Proper and timely care of plants will provide you
a nice big harvest.

Strawberries under agrofibre: pests and diseases

Throughout the growing period of strawberries, in the soil and
bushes can accumulate a wide variety of pests and
diseases. Consider the most common types of diseases and
ways to deal with them.

Паутинный и земляничный клещи. To protect against
mites apply spraying before flowering with a solution of karbofos;

Мучнистая роса. For the prevention of such
заболевания is necessary производить обработку кустов медным
vitriol before flowering;

Серая гниль. To prevent disease
use mulching.

Тля. Spraying the bushes with garlic infusion
deliver you from this pest;

Пятнистость (белая и бурая). For
предохранения растений от данной болезни плантацию is necessary
keep clean, remove dry and diseased leaves. Also помогает
spraying Falcon.

Having considered the features of growing strawberries under the agrofiber, we
concluded that by giving the culture quite a bit of attention and
applying the right care procedures can get rich and
high-quality harvest.

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