- 1 Diet for diabetes – description and general principles
- 2 Diabetes Diet – What Foods Can I Eat?
- 3 Diet for diabetes – what foods should not be consumed
- 4 Diabetes diet – menu examples
- 5 Approximate daily menu for diabetes number 1
- 6 Approximate daily menu for diabetes №2
- 7 Diabetes Diet – Tips and Tricks
Diet for diabetes – description and general principles
Diet for diabetes is important because it
the disease is associated with impaired metabolic processes in the body.
Its mechanism is that the normal is violated
the functioning of the pancreas, so that it begins
produce less insulin, responsible for the absorption of sugar
by the body. This leads to the fact that the patient’s blood rises
sugar levels that normalize are designed to
activities, including diet. In some cases, the diet helps
bring sugar back to normal without the use of any medication.
However, its compliance is mandatory in those cases where
the patient takes medications to lower their sugar or makes
Approach to the diet in diabetes should be strictly
individual and take into account the severity of the disease, body weight
patient, his profession, lifestyle, comorbidities,
tolerance by the patient of the individual food, etc.
d. Also when choosing a diet should be guided
nature of production, as it affects
energy expenditure of the patient.
Diabetes Diet – What Foods Can I Eat?
Patients with diabetes should be preferred
products containing a large amount of plant fiber –
coarse cereals, fruits, vegetables, nuts. Fibrous food is not needed
not only to lower glucose, but also to lower cholesterol
The diabetic menu must be present fruit –
lemons, apples (preferably sour-sweet), grapefruits, peaches. Daily
the dose of these products, which should not exceed 200 grams.
distribute into five parts to prevent sudden
повышения уровня сахара in blood.
Twice a week you can pamper yourself with beef dishes or
offal (kidney, liver, heart). Meat dishes are necessary for
to provide the body with proteins and valuable vitamins,
which are contained in meat. However, the best meat for patients
diabetes is chicken.
Very useful for people with diabetes, dishes from
fish and seafood.
Fermented milk products in the form of kefir are also relevant in their diet.
yogurt, unsweetened yogurt (up to 2 glasses per day). In small
quantities can sometimes be consumed cheese, sour cream and cream, however,
preference should still be given to low-fat dairy products
(skimmed milk, skimmed cheese and yogurt). From
use of cottage cheese is better to refuse, because it contains a lot
As for eggs, it is better to use protein, because the yolk
may trigger an increase in cholesterol.
You can eat all vegetables with a low starch content and
Diet for diabetes – what foods should not be consumed
Categorically you can not eat sugar. Of course, immediately completely
it is difficult to refuse it, therefore it is usually recommended
reduce the sugar content in the diet gradually. Also need
turn out to be candy (if it is so difficult, we advise you to replace them
It should also limit the use of easily digestible carbohydrates,
the source of which are flour products, muffins, cookies, etc.
A diet of diabetics may include rye and white.
wheat bread (preferably protein-wheat and
protein-bran bread, which is made from raw gluten;
protein-bran bread also contains wheat bran).
As already mentioned, vegetables are welcome guests on the table.
diabetic patients, however, vegetables are high in
starch and carbohydrates (potatoes, carrots, peas, beans, beets)
should be avoided. You should also abandon the sweet fruit,
such as bananas, grapes, strawberries.
You should also limit the use of fruit juices, as
они содержат большое количество carbohydrates. If they still enter
your diet, they should be diluted with water (for 3 parts of juice 1 part
Fast food patients with diabetes is contraindicated. Should also
exclude from the diet foods containing saturated fats. Before
all, it concerns fatty meat, whole dairy products,
oils, fat. It is better to give preference to light vegetable
You need to understand that fatty foods are no less harmful in diabetes than
sweet as high blood fat leads to
disease progression. This is indicated by the latter.
medical research. That is why in the diet of sugar patients
diabetes total fat (butter and vegetable oil,
fat, cooking oil) should not exceed 40 grams per day.
The consumption of other foods containing large amounts of fat,
such as fatty meats, sausages sausage, cheese, sour cream, mayonnaise,
should also be kept to a minimum.
In drawing up the menu for patients with diabetes should
observe some principles. So, gastronomic products
(sausage, cheese, salted fish, etc.), as well as cereals, omelets, eggs
boiled should be eaten for breakfast, completing it with hot drinks
– tea, coffee, cocoa. For the second breakfast are suitable dishes from vegetables,
fruit and eggs. The most significant tradition is the lunch
a menu that can be presented as cold dishes (salads,
vinaigrettes, cold meat and fish snacks), soups, second
dishes from poultry, fish, meat, compotes and jelly. In the afternoon
it is better to use sour milk drinks and bakery products, on
dinner – salads, fish dishes, meat and vegetables, cereals, hot
The first breakfast consists of two hard-boiled eggs and meat
boiled with stewed zucchini; coffee or tea with milk; oils
cream (10 gr.) and two slices of rye bread.
The second breakfast consists of cheese, stewed eggplants with vegetables and
coffee with milk.
Lunch consists of fish soup-pickle or meat broth with
meatballs; low-fat fried meat with stewed cabbage; compote
from fresh apples or jelly.
The afternoon snack consists of bran cheesecake with rosehip infusion or
tea with lemon.
The first dinner consists of stuffed cabbage with meat or cod in
The second dinner consists of sour milk or an apple.
The first breakfast consists of a salad of beets and apples; fish
boiled; zucchini fritters; tea or coffee with milk; oils
creamy; black bread.
The second breakfast consists of meatballs in sour cream sauce;
tea with lemon.
Lunch consists of cabbage from fresh cabbage or meat broth with
two hard-boiled eggs; tomatoes stuffed with meat or
fish жареной с тушеными баклажанами; two apples baked or jelly
Tea time consists of bran cakes with tea or infusion
Первый ужин состоит из говядины отварной с овощами или fish
baked; cauliflower with butter or curd; tea with lemon
or rosehip infusion.
The second dinner consists of kefir or apple.
Approximate day menu for diabetes number 3
The first breakfast consists of a salad of tomatoes and cucumbers;
бифштекса из рубленого мяса с тушеной капустой или жареной fish с
boiled potatoes and cucumber; oatmeal with butter or pumpkin,
baked in sour cream; кофе или tea with lemon; oils creamy;
The second breakfast consists of fried zucchini with apples and coffee with
Lunch consists of green soup with egg and sour cream or meat soup;
fried chicken or liver with onions in sour cream with beans or
stewed cabbage; cranberry or apple jelly.
Полдник состоит из печенья из отрубей с орехами и tea with lemon
or rosehip infusion.
The first dinner consists of beef stroganoff with
The second dinner consists of kefir or one apple.
Diabetes Diet – Tips and Tricks
Food in diabetes should be made according to
opportunities at the same time, in small portions, up to 6 times per
day to prevent overeating.
It is necessary to ensure strict weight control and ensure
such a diet that the total caloric content of food eaten per day is not
exceeded 1800 calories per day (this figure can be adjusted,
based on age, sex, body weight of the patient). Half of these
калорий организм должен получать из carbohydrates. To control
calorie intake, it is better to buy products on the packaging of which
indicated energy value.
Julia 03/22/2016 Of course, fast food is contraindicated for patients! Yes him and
healthy people are not desirable. Generally, all diabetic diets,
It can be said, just healthy food. And to all other people, not
it would be advisable to go to at least about the same menu. Only
we will be healthier. Nastassja 03/22/2016 If you follow the diet correctly,
adhere to all regulations, then you can live happily ever after.
After all, so many people with diabetes, and nothing! Enjoy life. Do not
just make a cult out of food, then all these diets and restrictions
make it easier. Kristya 03/22/2016 I also have a friend with
diabetes mellitus. Milk, the good she loves him, absorbs liters.
The second diet seems to be nothing … I can’t imagine how it is – always
to think that it is possible to eat, that it is impossible, to consider these bread
units … Throw off a link to this page of my friend. Dasha
03/22/2016 The second diet is very good, I stick to it for a long time.
Sugar is normal. And sweets, buy special for
diabetics. They are also delicious, almost no difference. Hard of course
all my life like this to sit on diets, but what to do … Alla
03/22/2016 I have a girlfriend, a pretty young girl, already a few
years of suffering this terrible disease. It is very difficult to refuse at once
from all your favorite products. And she, just one of those who love and
fat and sweet. Of course, sometimes he allows himself to eat